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IJLE Style Sheet

General Rules and Guidelines for Contributors

1) All contributions should be submitted in duplicate, on an A4 sized paper, with 1.5 line spacing between the lines. The matter should be left aligned, with a one-and- a-half inch margin on the right and typed in 12-point sized Times Roman font. Computer printouts of the article along with a CD with the article stored in it, would be preferred. In case it is not possible to provide CDs, the author(s) should send soft copies of the article through e-mail. The article should subscribe to the format and style requirements of the Journal as delineated below.

2) Apart from the article/paper, the contributions should include: (i) the name(s) of the author(s), (ii) the latter’s professional affiliations, (iii) an abstract of the paper in 150-200 words, (iv) Keywords (v) endnotes cited in the paper, (vi) all Tables and Figures to be included in the article, which should be properly formatted to avoid confusion, and (vii) a Reference list at the end containing details of all the References quoted in the paper. All the above should be typed and spelt out clearly. It is advisable for the author(s) not to provide any handwritten amendments in order to prevent any confusion in spellings, names, etc.

3) The names(s) of the author(s) should be given in bold, U/l format, immediately after the title of the article, followed by an asterisk (*) at the end, which would be expanded at the bottom of the page as a footnote, indicating the full details of the author(s) including their designations, professional status and the organisation/institute, etc. to which they are affiliated, and their email addresses.

4) Although there is no standard length for the article, the author(s) should limit the article to a maximum of 30 typed pages including tables, figures, graphs, endnotes and the Reference list.

Specific Formats

1) Title: The title of the article should be ALL CAPS,bold.

2) Author’s name: Author’s name: U/l, Bold. Details about the author(s) to come as a footnote at the bottom of the title page of each article. Each footnote should contain the designation/affiliation of the author(s), names of the respective organisations, and the respective email addresses of the author(s).

3) Abstract of the paper should come immediately after the author’s name.It should be 150-200 words in length, and in italics.

4) Keywords should come after abstract. Kindly follow the following format For example:Keywords:Women, Employment, Labour market, Services sector, Kerala

5) Headings: A Level Head: ALL CAPS, rom., bold,marked with capital Roman numerals (e.g. I, II, III, etc.)
B Level Head: U/l, rom., bold, marked with numerals (e.g. 1, 2, 3, etc.)
C Level Head: U/l, italics,bold , marked with small Roman numerals (i, ii, iii, etc.)
D Level Head: U/l, italics, normal,run on with text.

6) Any information about the article (e.g., where it has been presented/published/assistance received—financial, technical—for the paper) to be given on the first page as a footnote. There should be no other footnotes in the paper. All the other notes should come in the form of endnotes. Acknowledgements, if any, should be added as part of the Introductory Footnote.

6) Notes: These should be numbered serially in the text and expanded in the same chronological order at the end of the text in the form of Endnotes. The notes should contain all the relevant details including the name of the publication, year of publication, page number or any other necessary information. The title Notes to come in U/l, italics, bold.The entries under notes should be running text, roman and normal. All notes should be hyperlinked with the corresponding data in the text. The font size of the Notes should be 10 pts.

7) References: All articles should carry a separate list of References at the end of the article, in case they are cited in the article. Please do not include any reference in the Reference List that has not been cited anywhere in the text. Simultaneously, it is also important to ensure that all references cited in the text are detailed in the Reference list. The References should be embedded in the text in a consistent style. For instance (Deshpande, 2003, pp. 20-24). The full details of this Reference should then be provided in the Reference list in alphabetical order starting with the author(s)’ surname(s). The reference list should be formulated as per the following details:

  • The surname of the author should be given first, followed by a comma, and then the first name or initials.In case of more than one author, the names of the subsequent authors should be in chronological order, with the first name preceding the surname. In case of more than two authors, there should be a comma (,) to separate each author’s name, except the penultimate author’s name, which should be preceded by ‘and’. For example: Djurfeldt, Göran, Venkatesh Athreya, N. Jayakumar, Staffan Lindberg, A. Rajagopal and R. Vidyasagar (2008), “Agrarian Change and Social Mobility in Tamil Nadu”, Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. 43, No. 45, pp. 50-61
  • Please mention the names of all the authors and do not use the term ‘et al.’ in the Reference List. For convenience, however, et al. can be used for the relevant reference within the text.
  • In case of an edited book, the name of the author should be given first, followed by the year of publication in brackets, followed by the particular article in the edited book in double quotes, followed by the names of the editor(s), followed by the name of the book in italics, followed by the name of the publisher, followed by the place of publication, lastly followed by the page nos. For example: Findley, S. (1997), “Migration and Family Interactions in Africa”, in A. Adepoju (ed.), Family, Population and Development in Africa, Zed Books, London, pp. 109-38.
  • In case of more than one reference to an edited book in the same Reference list, the name of the book will be given only at the instance of first usage. For every subsequent usage, only the name(s) of the editor(s) will be given.
  • In case of page numbers, please do not repeat the same numbers. For instance, if the page numbers are 292-295, please write them as pp. 292-95.
  • In case of reference to a Working paper in the Reference list, the name of the paper should be in double quotes (“”), followed by the Institute’s name and the no of the paper in italics. For example: Nathan, Dev (2004), “Micro-Credit in Sub East Africa: Creation of Women’s Space and Transition from Subsistence to Accumulation”, IHD Working Paper No. 27, Institute for Human Development, New Delhi.
  • The name of a Report should be given in italics (For instance, Planning Commission (2005), Tenth Five Year Plan, Government of India, New Delhi.
  • The name of a Ph.D thesis or M.Phil dissertation should be in italics with the word (Ph.D thesis) in brackets in u/l case, roman. For example:
    Brenner, Mark (2000). Re-examining the Distribution of Wealth in Rural China (Ph.D thesis),
  • If there is an undated document then the word “undated” needs to be written in brackets after the title of the document. For example:
    Lewin, Bernard (undated), Impact of Globalisation on Poverty, Kansas University Press, Kansas.
  • The names of all publications including journals, and books cited in the References should be in italics while the name of any article cited in a particular Reference entry should be in double quotes (“”).
  • It is compulsory to cite the Volume No., Issue No. and relevant page nos. of any journal mentioned in the Reference list. There is no need to mention the month if the Vol. No. and Issue No. are being mentioned. For instance:
    D’Mello, Bernard (1992). “Thinking about the Labour Process: Some Clues from Western Studies”, Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. 28, No. 22, pp. 63-70.
  • In case of reference to more than one publication by the same author, the author’s name will be given only once with the name of the first publication. The subsequent publications/books will be listed in chronological order of the years of publication, and the author’s name will be replaced by 3 M-dashes for each subsequent publication. For example:
    Sharma, H.R. (1994), “Distribution of Land-holdings in Rural India”, Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. 24, No. 3, pp. 21- 22.
    ——— (1999), “Agrarian Structure and Agricultural Development in Rural India” (Mimeo).
    ——— (2001), “Employment and Wage Earnings of Agricultural Labourers”, The Indian Journal of Labour Economics, Vol. 44, No. 1, pp. 23-41.

8) Boxes/Figures: All Boxes and Figures should be at the centre of the text area.The word Box/Figure (and its number) and the title of the box/figure should be U/l, bold.

9) Tables: The Table No. should be U/l, normal, rom., and should be followed in the next line by the title of the table in U/l, bold. Column Heads in the Tables should be in U/l and in italics. All figures and tables should be referred to by their numbers in the text (for instance, ‘Refer to Table 1’, ‘Please see Figure 3’). The titles of the tables and figures should be brief and to the point. Each Table and Figure should have a Source, which should be given at the bottom of the table or figure, alongside the Notes, if any. The font size of the Source and Notes should be 10 pts. Within the table or figure, numbers should be given in digits,not spelt out. Symbols like % can be used, where required, within the table or figure.

10) Spellings: Use British spellings throughout, not American spellings. Thus the words ‘programme’, ‘labour’, ‘colour’ should be spelt likewise, and not as ‘program’, ‘labor’, ‘color’. Also use ‘s’ spellings for words like ‘civilisation’ and ‘organisation’. For any spelling, please refer to the Oxford English Dictionary and take it as accepted usage. This holds true for hyphenated words as well. Make sure the spellings are standardized in the entire text.

11) Quotations: Use double quotation marks for the entire quotation, reserving single quotation marks for quoted words within a quotation or for a specific term/special usage. The spellings of words in the quotation should be retained as in the original. In case of long quotations (50 or more words), the quotation is to be broken off from the text and indented 2 pica space on the left and right, with a 1.5 line space above and below the quotation. Quote within a text should carry author/s surname, year of publication and the page numbers (Dutt and Rao, 2001, pp. 23). A full reference of the quoted section with details about author’s name, year of publication, publisher’s name and place of publication has to come separately in the Reference section as per the Reference style.

Italics: In the text, italics should be used sparingly. Only words of foreign origin that are not found in the Oxford English Dictionary should be italicised. All book titles, however, should be in italics.

13) Capital: Capital letters should be used sparingly throughout the article as that affects readability.Please refer to the Style Sheet to see where ALL CAPS should be used.

14) Numbers: Generally, numbers from one to ten should be spelt out. Numbers above ten should be given in figures. However, if several numbers occur in a sentence or paragraph, all of them should be in figures, for easy readability. In case of units or percentages, all numbers should be in figures. For instance, 3 km., 5 kg., 8 per cent, etc. In case of percentages, the word ‘per cent’ should be spelt out in the text, but the symbol % can be used in tables, graphs, figures and equations. In case of large numbers, the terms ‘millions’, ‘lakhs’ and ‘crores’ may be used, as the case may be.

15) Abbreviations: All abbreviations such as ‘pp.’, ‘Vol.’, ‘No.’, ‘Dr.’, ‘Mr.’, ‘edn.’, ‘eds.’, etc. must end with a full stop.There should also be full stops between initials of names, such as V.K. Seth, G.K. Chadha, D.N. Reddy. However, in case of well known acronyms like USA, UK, NATO, UNO, UNESCO, ILO, WTO, GATT, INTUC, AITUC, BJP, etc. there should not be full stops between the initials.
All acronyms should be spelt out at the place of first occurrence with the acronym given in brackets. Subsequently only the acronym can be used. For instance, at the place of first usage, write Jawahar Rozgar Yojana (JRY), but subsequently, write only JRY.

16) Dates: Specific dates should be written as, for instance, 9 November 2002. Decades should be referred to as the 1980s, 1990s. The names of years should be in figures (1998, 2002), but the names of centuries should be spelt out (twentieth century, twenty-first century).

17) Place Names: The spellings of place names should correspond to the names given in the Oxford University Press atlas, and to common usage in case a particular place is a small hamlet or village and has not been included in any atlas. Please thoroughly cross-check the spellings of all place names cited in the article, before submitting it for publication.

Please refer to the appended IJLE Style Sheets for any additional information/guidelines.

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