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Style Guide

Style Guide for the Indian Journal of Labour Economics



Author guidelines


  • The paper should be in double space.
  • The title should be in capital letters.
  • Author/s names should be centred. If there is an acknowledgement note, please attach it as a footnote to the author’s name.
  • Provide author’s affiliations as a footnote.
  • Provide a 150-word abstract for the paper.



Spelling/punctuation followed by the journal


UK Spellings (Thus use -ise, -isation (organise, organisation)

Commas and periods go outside quotation marks (British system)



Order of the manuscript


  • Title page (Article title, Author names, Abstract and acknowledgement/author affiliation footnote should be on this page)
  • Text of paper
  • Figures and Tables should appear at the relevant places in the text and not at the end of the article.
  • Appendix (if any)
  • Notes (if any)
  • References





Spell out term at the first mention in text along with the acronym in parentheses. Use acronym alone thereafter. However, commonly used acronyms do not need to be spelled out (GDP, UNDP).



Callouts in text



• Author-date system with call outs in parentheses (i.e., Desai, 1993; Megnad, 1995, 1998; Rajaram et al., 2004) or “As noted in Rajaram (1993)….”

• Where citations occur within parenthetical text, use brackets. For example, “The factual errors (Analysis refers to a study by Rajaram [2007]. . ..)”

* Mention page numbers where citation ends. For example, “The analysis ………” (Rao, 2008, pp. 124-25)

• Use et al. for references with 4 or more authors.




• Equation (1); Equations (1), (3), and (5); Equations (3)–(5); Equations (1) and (3)



• Figures to be cited in numerical order; use Arabic numerals for figure numbers.

For example: Figure 1, Figures 2a and 2b.



• Tables to be cited in numerical order; use Arabic numerals for table numbers.

For example: Table 1, Tables 1–4, (see Table 1),

·   The titles of the tables and figures should be brief and to the point.

·   The Source and Notes, if any, should be given at the bottom of the table or figure.

·   Symbols like %, &, # should be used, where required, within the table or figure.    


Placement of Tables and Figures and format

Table and/or figure should be placed just after the paragraph where it is referred in the text.

  • Table head: Lightface, numbered with Arabic numerals, no end period. Table legends should be in title case, bold, and with no end period. For example: Table 1 Labour Productivity in Manufacturing Sector
  • Column headings: Sentence case, lightface, italic.
  • Units of measure to be set in parentheses.
  • Tables in appendixes are to be numbered independently of those in the text: Table A1, Table A2. Annexure tables should be placed in the last of the text just before notes.
  • The title of the Table should be given in u/l format. If there are any sub-heads  inside the Table, they should also be in u/l format, but the other components in the Table should all be in lower case except the first letter of the first word, which  should be capital. All proper nouns should, however, start with a capital letter wherever they occur in the Table


  • Figures head: Light face, numbered with Arabic numerals, no end period. Figure legends should be in title case, bold, and with no end period. Note that figure titles and captions will be typeset and it should not be part of the figure.
  • Figures in appendixes are to be numbered independently of those in the text.

      For example: Figure A1, Figure A2


Indented extracts/ Quotations

Quoted material of over 40 words in length should be separated out from the text

by being indented from the left margin. This should be done by using the indent

function of your word processing program.


The quotations must be in inverted commas. At the end of the quote, please mention the reference/source along with page number. For example:  “The Government of India…….programmes”. (Desai, 2008, p. 45).


Levels of headings


H1: All Caps, roman, bold, numbered with capital roman numerals


H2: Title Case, bold, numbered with Arabic numerals

   For example: 2. Labour Productivity in Manufacturing Sector

H3: Title Case, normal, numbered with small roman numerals

   For example: i. Labour Productivity in Manufacturing Sector

H4: Sentence case, italics, numbered with lower case alphabets, and text to run on after the colon.

   For example: a. Labour productivity in manufacturing sector:



Numbered with lower case alphabets (a, b, c)



Please do not include any reference in the Reference List that has not been cited anywhere in the text. Simultaneously, it is also important to ensure that all references cited in the text are detailed in the Reference list.


Author-date system:




Giles, J., Park, A. and Zhang, J. (2005), “What is China’s True Unemployment Rate”,

China Economic Review, Vol. 16, No. 2, pp. 149--170.


Book-type and edited book-type:

a)      Harvey, D. (2005), A Brief History of Neoliberalism, Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp. 271—278.

b)      Song, Yiching and Jiggins, Janice (2003), “Gender Relations in Biodiversity Management and Conservation”, in Howard, Patricia (ed.), Women and Plants, Zed Press, London, pp. 173--204.



Harvey, D. (2007), “Strategies for Sustainable Employment Generation in Developing Countries”, Paper Presented at the 27th National Labour Conference, Nairobi, Kenya, 25--27 Jan, 2007.




Working paper/thesis:

Harvey, D. (2007), “Analysis of Total Factor Productivity in China”, Working Paper No. 6, Centre for China Situation Studies, Beijing, pp. 67--74.

Harvey, D. (2007), “Rural Non-farm Sector in Andhra Pradesh: Issues and Challenges”, PhD Thesis, Department of Economics, University of Hyderabad.  



ILO (2007), Key Indicators of Labour Market (5th edn.), International Labour Office, Geneva. 



Gupta, Swati (2007), “India’s Rising Unemployment in Organised Sector”, The Economic Times, June 6.



Samuelson, Pamela and Hal R.Varian (2001), “The New Economy and Information Technology Policy”, http://www.sims.berkeley.edu/~pam/papers/infopolicy, assessed on 17 Nov. 2007.



Note: Never use et al. in the reference list—all author names must be listed. Unpublished works can be cited as long as they are considered for publication or can be located by the reader. Other types of unpublished citations should be incorporated as page footnotes (e.g., personal communications). For ‘in-press’ citations, use ‘forthcoming’. Use ‘en dash’ for page ranges, and with complete numbers given without elision (e.g., 243–254 and not as 243–54).



Points to Remember


There should be a clear and unambiguous meaning to all mathematical representations in the text.



Use digits for numerals from 10 upwards. Use numerals for measurements, e.g. 12 km, and ages, e.g. 10 years old.


You should use numerals for percentages in the text but spell out ‘per cent’,

e.g. 24 per cent. The percentage sign (%) should be used only in tables and



In a text where the content is statistical or technical, use % with digits and ‘per cent’ otherwise.

Insert a comma for thousands and tens of thousands, e.g. 1,000 and 10,000.



Set dates out as follows: ‘8 July 1995’, ‘on 8 July’, ‘on the 8th’; ‘1990s’ (not spelt

out, no apostrophe);‘nineteenth century’ (not 19th century);‘1995–7’,‘1914–18’.



Avoid the use of ‘he’ (when he or she is meant) wherever possible, either through

the use of ‘they’ or by repeating the noun.



Keep the use of capitals to a minimum. Use lower case for government, church,

state, party, volume, and so on, unless a specific one is named, e.g. the Labour

Party, the Conservative Government.


En rules

An en rule is longer than a hyphen and is used to replace ‘to’ in number spans, e.g.

 ‘24–8’. As there is no en rule key on the standard keyboard you should indicate en rules between numbers using the normal short hyphen. Our typesetters can then change all hyphens in number spans to en rules.


The en rule is also used to link two items of equal weight, e.g.‘Nazi–Soviet pact’.

To indicate words which should be linked with en rules (rather than normal hyphens) type a double hyphen, e.g. Nazi--Soviet pact. The typesetter can then search for double hyphens between words and replace them with en rules.

Spaced en rules are used as parenthetical dashes or pauses. Type a single hyphen

with a space before and after to indicate a dash.



Designative terms: Group 1, Case 3, Type 2, etc.

Use ampersands (&) only with company names (eg., AT&T); or in places where two names are linked together to form a single unit (eg., R&D). It should not be used in place of ‘and’.


Place Names: The spellings of place names should correspond to the names given

      in standard atlases, and to common usage in case a particular place is a small

      hamlet or village and has not been included in any atlas. Please thoroughly cross-

      check the spellings of all place names cited in the article, before submitting it for




Book Reviews

The book reviews should carry the following details of the book under review, in the given order, at the beginning of the review:

·         Name(s) of the author(s)/editor(s);

·         Name of the book;

·         Name of the publisher/publishing house;

·         Place of publication;

·         Year of publication;

·         Number of pages; and

·         Price of the book.

           Details of the reviewer should be given at the end of the review in the following


·         Name(s) of the reviewer(s);

·         Name of the institute/organisation/Government department, etc. that the reviewer is affiliated to; and

·         Place of location of the above institution/organisation, etc.



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